a) the noun (eg “the tree”, “the house”) – singular and plural
b) the definite article „the“ , the indefinite article „a“
c) the gender
d) the verb „to be“ in present
e) the personal pronouns (eg “I, you, he”)

The definite article „the“ is in Hebrew always ha– and merged with the following word into one.

The indefinite article “a” does not exist in Hebrew. It is always assumed, when a noun is written without a definite article.

the childהילד
ha-yeled
a childילד
yeled
the kibbutsimהקיבוצים
ha-kibutzim
a Germanגרמני
germani
peopleאנשים
anashim
the Russians הרוסים
ha-rusim