a) the subjunctive: to be in past tense + verb in present
b) sequence of tenses and reported speech
c) the derivation of nouns from pa’al-, pi’el- and hif’il-verbs
d) the imperative – eg go!

As the Hebrew language knows only one past tense, it is used in the sequence of tenses as well as in the subordinate clause:

After I had washed the dishes, I went to sleep.

.אחרי ששטפתי את הכלים, הלכתי לישון

achare she-shatafti et ha-kelim, halachti lishon

reported speech: There are no set rules. Unusual: in simultaneity of past tense the subordinate clause appears in present tense:

He said, that he wanted to go on holiday.

.הוא אמר שהוא רוצה לנסוע לחופשה

(= He said, that he wants to go on holiday.)

hu amar, she-hu rotze linso’a le-chufshah