a) the 7 conjugations of verbs – ha-binyanim
b) the genitive (eg king Lear’s death)
c) the possessive pronoun (my, your, his etc.)
d) the possessive ending appended to the noun
e) forming the accusative with the preposition et
f) the first binyan: the active conjugation pa’al

The word binyan denotes the system of seven conjugations in Hebrew. binyan means building and is derived from the word bonehto build.

Three binyanim are active conjugations (like to see), three more are the corresponding passive conjugations (like to be seen) and one binyan, the hitpa’el, is reflexive (like to adapt oneself)

Each of the seven conjugations or binyanim has a name, which derives from the shoresh (root) pe, ayin and lamed. This shoresh (p/a/l) denotes the verb pa’alto act (therefore po’al = verb).

The name of the binyan shows always the third person male singular past tense of the respective binyan: so the first binyan is called pa’al / פעל. The word means he acted. In this form, i.e. in the 3rd person singular of the past tense, the root consonants of verb are easiest to recognized, because there are the least additional consonants in and around the word.

systematic diagram:

active binyanimpassive binyanim
pa’alפעל >nif'alנפעל
pi’elפיעל >pu'alפועל
hif’ilהפעיל >huf'alהופעל
hitpa’elהתפעל