a) the verb (eg makes, goes, stands)
b) the shoresh – the root of the verb

Verbs are conceived as present participles in present tense: eg you drive = you are a driving one. Therefore verbs are not conjugated as in English, but treated as adjectives, which conform to the gender of the subject.

Present of the verb notengive:

malefemale
I, you, he, she give, givesנותןנותנת
notennotenet
we, you, they give נותניםנותנות
notnimnotnot

Likewise verbs can adopt the meaning of a noun. So the buying one can become the buyer (ha-koneh), “the guarding one” becomes “the guard” (ha-shomer), the watching one is the spectator or the scout (ha-tzofeh), the working one becomes the employee (ha-oved), the acting one a worker (ha-po’el).

More Verbs:

1st, 2nd, 3rd person sing.singularpluralinfinitive
to…malefemalemalefemaleeg to act
function, act, (the) workerפועלפועלתפועליםפועלותלפעול
po’elpo’eletpo’alimpo’alotlif’ol
work, (the) employeeעובדעובדתעובדיםעובדותלעבוד
ovedovedetovdimovdotla'avod
buildבונהבונהבוניםבונותלבנות
bonehbonahbonimbonotlivnot
makeעושהעושהעושיםעושותלעשות
osehosahosimosotla’asot
learnלומדלומדתלומדיםלומדותללמוד
lomedlomedetlomdimlomdotlilmod
goהולךהולכתהולכיםהולכותללכת
holechholechetholchimholchotlalechet
take לוקחלוקחתלוקחיםלוקחותלקחת
loke’achlokachatlokchimlokchotlakachat
ride, (the) passengerנוסענוסעתנוסעיםנוסעותלנסוע
nose’anosa'atnos'imnos'otlinsoa
standעומדעומדתעומדיםעומדותלעמוד
omedomedetomdimomdotla’amod
sitיושביושבתיושביםיושבותלשבת
yoshevyoshevetyoshvimyoshvotlashevet
want רוצהרוצהרוציםרוצותלרצות
rotzehrotzahrotzimrotzotlirtzot